Imagine that you’re the only teacher in a classroom of 45 rowdy Thai high school students. They’re texting on their phones, screaming in a foreign language, kicking each other, and climbing on desks. How the hell are you supposed to teach these kids anything? The solution lies in your ability to make learning fun.
Be a Game Show Host
To be a successful ESL teacher, try to take on the role of a game show host. View the classroom as a crowd of willing participants waiting for their turn to compete in a learning game. Thai students love to compete, so use that to your advantage. Pit them against each other in an English-speaking game and they’ll try their best to win every time.
I’ve only been a full-time ESL teacher in Thailand for two months now, but I’ve learned some damn good tricks to keep large classrooms engaged. The best way to get students focused on learning is to create games. If you hone the ability create learning games and teach your students how to play them, the possibilities are endless.
Be Entertaining, but Don’t Steal the Show
It’s so rewarding when students are viciously competing with each other to win a game that you created, but don’t make yourself the focus. It’s great to be enthusiastic and use tons of gestures when orchestrating a classroom game. Just remember: your job is to teach first, entertain second.
I love being the center of attention (what can I say, I’m a ham bone). But as soon as my ESL lesson becomes teacher-focused, I lose my students’ attention. Stay enthusiastic, but keep the spotlight on the students and they’ll stay engaged.
Benefits of ESL Team Games
Most of the successful games I’ve created for the classroom involve splitting the class into 2 to 5 teams. Once the teams are established, explain the rules of the game. Use as few words as possible for this. It’s better to use more gestures, expressions and demonstrations when explaining the rules.
Establish a point system that the class can follow so they’re aware of who’s winning at all times. I typically use a tally point system wherein each team’s points are listed on the blackboard for the entire class to see.
Begin the game at a slow pace to allow your weaker students time to grasp the concept. Once most of the students understand the game, it’s time for full speed gaming action.
The best aspect of team-based games is student-to-student discipline. If a student is texting, chatting, or doing homework for another class, I’ll always call on them to compete next. They’ll likely make a mistake and lose out on an opportunity to earn their team a point. Subsequently, that student’s team pounces on them and takes care of the discipline, making my job easier.
Up the Ante
After a dozen rounds of the same game, students get bored. That’s when it’s time to up the ante. It keeps the students engaged and it’s a great way to stretch any game out if you need to fill a few extra minutes of class.
Instead of each question/action being worth one point, now it’s worth five points. Once the fun of 5 points wears off, bump it up to 10 points. Then 100. Then 1,000. My students eat that shit up!
Attitude is Everything
It’s frustrating when my students don’t understand what I’m teaching. The easy way to address this problem is to ask yourself: Why don’t these students understand me? But the constructive way to address this problem is to ask yourself: How can I improve my teaching to help these students understand me?
Perhaps the most important aspect of teaching English is the teacher’s attitude. If a student doesn’t understand you, don’t get frustrated. Look at the situation as an opportunity to reevaluate your teaching methods and try a new approach. Every student learns differently and it’s your job to find a solution.
When problems in the classroom arise, keep your cool and remember who’s in charge. Never view a problem as the student’s fault. Look at every situation like it’s something you need to improve upon, and your students will benefit.
Kick Ass ESL Game – Tic Tac Toe
You can use tic-tac-toe to teach pretty much any aspect of the English language. One game I created involved filling in a tic-tac-toe grid with various responses to simple English questions. In order to put an X or an O on the board, a team had to ask the corresponding question for that square.
If team X wants to mark the top right corner, they have to ask me “Where are you from?” Team O will ask, “What sport do you play?” for the middle square.
This is just one example of a game you could use with any facet of the English language. Instead of question/answer, you could do adjectives/adverbs, future tense/past tense, etc. The possibilities are endless. And that goes for a ton of other ESL games. Just plug in the English lesson you want to teach and the game begins.
Remember what it was like when you sat in class while a boring teacher yapped on and on? Don’t be that teacher. Make learning fun for the students and teaching will be fun for you. Get creative, try new games, activities, ideas. With the right attitude, it’s actually a lot like being a kid again.